NCLEX Review: Neurological Module
We hope that you are having an amazing year so far and welcome you to this weeks Neurological NCLEX Review!
I recently read that 80% of your accomplishments will come from 20% of your work, so make the first 20% of the year count!
Take care of your future, and enroll in “The Pearls for NCLEX Review” today for far less than you would spend on a similar program.
To receive email updates when new information is posted, please click on the link below to be added to our mailing list. You will also receive free flashcards in each email for your personal studying.
This week, we will be covering the Neurological NCLEX Review from our Online Program. The topics covered in this review are Brain Physiology, The Cranial Nerves, Spinal Cord Syndromes, and Guillain-Barré.
Neurological NCLEX Review Sample Video
Straight from our course!
- Frontal lobe
Voluntary motor movement
Compare left and right for symmetry
Morals and emotions
Reasoning, judgment and concentration
Brocca’s area for motor speech (Left side)
- Parietal lobe
Interpretation of senses
Language, reading and writing
- Temporal lobe
Auditory center and smell
Wernicke’s area for sensory and speech comprehension (Left side)
- Occipital lobe
Balance, coordination and smooth movements
Gait assessment. Walk normally and then on heels and toes
- Limbic system
Emotional and visceral patterns for survival
Learning and memory
The Cranial Nerves
Cranial Nerves come off the brain stem
- Spinal Accessory
“You have 1 nose and 2 eyes and CN 3, 4, and 6 make your eyes do tricks.”
“5 rhymes with Tri (Trigeminal nerve) and 7 is on your face.”
“8 is the shape of your earrings and 9 and 10 are under your chin.”
“11 with 1 on each shoulder to shrug them and 12 to stick out your tongue.”
- Oculomotor (CN III) for pupil reactions
- Trigeminal (CN V) affected in trigeminal neuralgia
- Facial (CN VII) used to smile
- Vagus (CN X) is parasympathetic activity
- Hypoglossal (CN XII) to stick out your tongue
Spinal Cord Syndromes
- Central cord syndrome
- Most common.
- Cervical injury from hyperextension injury.
- Greater motor loss in the upper extremities.
- Loss of sensation below the level of injury is variable.
- Anterior cord syndrome
- Flexion injury such as a violent impact to the back of the head.
- Lose motor, pain and temperature sensation.
- Posterior cord
- Extension injury such as a violent impact to the chin.
- Lose proprioception, vibration, and light touch.
- Penetrating or rotation-flexion injury.
- Lose motor, proprioception, pressure, touch and vibration.
- Lose ability to sweat on the site of the injury
- Horner’s syndrome may occur. Ptosis and pupillary constriction.
Guillain-Barré: Acute disorder affecting the peripheral nervous system including the cranial nerves. Damages the myelin sheath and disrupts nerve conduction. Remyelinization occurs in opposite direction. Generally affects patients age 30-50 years.
Ascending paralysis from “ground to brain” (Guillain-Barré). Initial symptoms will be seen and can lead to total paralysis, respiratory failure and the need for ventilator support.
- Paresthesia and pain
- Muscle aches and cramping
- Night time pain
- Difficulty with eye movements
- Difficulty speaking
- Orthostatic hypotension
- Changes in heart rate/bradycardia
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Bowel and bladder dysfunction
Thanks for taking the time to read this article on Neurological NCLEX Review from “The Pearls for NCLEX Review”. If you like this content, please share it with your classmates and follow us on our social media platforms. The flashcards are also available as pins on Pinterest to make personalized NCLEX review boards!
To be notified of new blog posts and receive additional free flashcards, click the button above and provide us your email address! We promise not to sell your personal information or flood your inbox with emails every day. On average, we only send out one email every week!
If you have any feedback please send us an email at email@example.com
Become the Nurse You Want to Be