NCLEX Review: Male and Female Module
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This week, we will cover the Male and Female Module of our NCLEX Review, which uses our textbook, slideshow, and video to make sure that you know all you need for the NCLEX. The topics covered during this weeks posting are the Male and Female Pharmacology, Prostatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Contraceptives.
Male and Female Pharmacology
Female reproductive hormones are administered to treat hormone deficiencies in the female or to prevent pregnancy.
The most serious complications of estrogen replacement therapy are listed below:
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Acute myocardial infarction
- Breast and Endometrial Cancer
Anti-androgens and androgen hormone inhibitors are used to treat BPH and prostate cancer and have the following side effects:
- Pain in the testicles
- Gastrointestinal disturbances
- Fluid and electrolyte imbalances
Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland which can be acute or chronic. Below is a flashcard to help with remember the key factors to assessment. There are two types, bacterial and non-bacterial.
- Originates from the urinary tract, blood or lymph nodes
- E coli is the most common organism cultured
- Most common type
- Cause is unknown and cultures are negative
- Spasms of the urethra may lead to the symptoms experienced by the patient
- Symptoms present but cause is unknown and cultures are negative
- May be known as prostatodynia
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): More than 21 diseases are classified as STIs. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, protozoans, fungi, and ectoparasites.
There are many different options for treatment, including:
- Many treated with antibiotics with follow up after completion
- Also treat sexual contacts within previous 60 days
- Ideally, avoid intercourse during treatment
- Condoms to prevent spread of infection
- Lesion care may include soaking in a tub two to three times a day. Keep lesions dry in between
- Wear loose clothing, cotton lined panties, and no pantyhose
- Avoid alcohol because it interrupts healing process, especially of the urethra
- All information confidential even if a minor
Below is a flashcard to help you remember screening and prevention principles that you will be tested on for the NCLEX.
All medications are classified as pregnancy X and should be stopped one week prior to surgery. Patients should not smoke while on estrogen replacement therapy. Below is a list of all the possible medications.
Some side effects that have been observed are:
- Weight gain
- Breast pain
- Breakthrough bleeding
- Testicular atrophy
- Contact lens intolerance
We hope that you have gotten a lot of useful information from this blog post that will help you in your NCLEX preparation and to improve your capabilities as a nurse. Thank you for helping us to spread the word of the Online NCLEX Review from BrainyNurses.com, and we hope that you stay with us after becoming certified for your continuing education needs.
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